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Global Surgery Research Papers

Our education team has put together an initial list of papers that you may want to look at if you're interested in global surgery. We will be adding to the list as new papers come out and as we continue to update our website. We've listed the papers by category, so you can read them based on your interests. Feel free to reach out to us if there are any papers you would like us to add to this list.

We HIGHLY recommend that you skim the Lancet 2030 Report on global surgery, as it summarizes the new direction that the field is going in. 



Building operative care capacity in a resource limited setting: The Mongolian model of the expansion of sustainable laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Surgery. 2016 Aug;160(2):509-17. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2016.04.001. Epub 2016 May 26.

Cardiac surgery in low-income settings: 10 years of experience from two countries

Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 2017 Feb;110(2):82-90. doi: 10.1016/j.acvd.2016.05.006. Epub 2016 Oct 4.

Global surgery: A view from the south

J Pediatr Surg. 2017 Feb;52(2):203-206. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2016.11.006. Epub 2016 Nov 12.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery in Global Health: Let's Reconstruct Global Surgery

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2017 Apr 25;5(4):e1273. doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000001273. eCollection 2017 Apr.

Primum Non Nocere: Advocating for a Better Model in Global Surgery and Anesthesia

J Anesth Hist. 2017 Jan;3(1):1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.janh.2016.12.006. Epub 2016 Dec 22.

The Global Surgery Partnership: An Innovative Partnership for Education, Research, and Service

Acad Med. 2016 Jan;91(1):75-8. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000859.

Unifying a fragmented effort: a qualitative framework for improving international surgical teaching collaborations

Global Health. 2017 Sept 7;13(70). doi:10.1186/s12992-017-0296-7.



Cost-Effectiveness in Global Surgery: Pearls, Pitfalls, and a Checklist

World J Surg. 2017 Jun;41(6):1401-1413. doi: 10.1007/s00268-017-3875-0.

Cost-effectiveness of short-term neurosurgical missions relative to other surgical specialties

Surg Neurol Int. 2017 Mar 14;8:37. doi: 10.4103/sni.sni_199_16. eCollection 2017.



Charitable platforms in global surgery: a systematic review of their effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, sustainability, and role training

World J Surg. 2015; 39: 10–20.

Estimating the Cost of Neurosurgical Procedures in a Low-Income Setting: An Observational Economic Analysis

World Neurosurg. 2017 May;101:651-657. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2017.02.048. Epub 2017 Feb 16.

Economic valuation of the impact of a large surgical charity using the value of lost welfare approach

BMJ Glob Health. 2016 Dec 8;1(4):e000059. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000059. eCollection 2016 Nov.

Financial contribution to global surgery: an analysis of 160 international charitable organisations

Lancet. 2015 Apr 27;385 Suppl 2:S52. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60847-9. Epub 2015 Apr 26.

Funding flows to global surgery: an analysis of contributions from the USA

Lancet. 2015 Apr 27;385 Suppl 2:S51. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60846-7. Epub 2015 Apr 26.

Mapping the playing field-a novel web-based strategy to identify non-governmental actors in global surgery

Lancet. 2015 Apr 27;385 Suppl 2:S55. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60850-9. Epub 2015 Apr 26.



A systematic approach to developing a global surgery elective

J Surg Educ. 2015 Jul-Aug;72(4):e15-20. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.01.011. Epub 2015 Mar 26.

Building a global surgery initiative through evaluation, collaboration, and training: the Massachusetts General Hospital experience

J Surg Educ. 2015 Jul-Aug;72(4):e21-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2014.12.018. Epub 2015 Feb 16.

Global Surgery Fellowship: A model for surgical care and education in resource-poor countries

J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Oct;50(10):1772-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2015.06.009. Epub 2015 Jun 20.

Global surgery opportunities for U.S. surgical residents: an interim report

J Surg Educ. 2015 Jul-Aug;72(4):e60-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.03.010. Epub 2015 Apr 25.

Loma Linda Global Surgery Elective: First 1000 Cases

J Surg Educ. 2017 Apr 25. pii: S1931-7204(17)30067-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2017.04.005. [Epub ahead of print]

Medical Student Perceptions of Global Surgery at an Academic Institution: Identifying Gaps in Global Health Education

Acad Med. 2017 Aug 1. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000001832. [Epub ahead of print]

Scaling up short-term humanitarian surgery: a global surgery elective for senior medical students

J Surg Educ. 2014 Nov-Dec;71(6):871-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2014.04.002. Epub 2014 Jun 7.

Training surgical residents for a career in academic global surgery: a novel training model

J Surg Educ. 2015 Jul-Aug;72(4):e104-10. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.01.007. Epub 2015 Apr 21.

The Current State of Global Surgery Training in Plastic Surgery Residency

Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Dec;136(6):830e-7e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000001817.

Ethics and Equity


Decolonizing Global Health in the Era of COVID-19 Conference

This document includes summaries of and links to relevant articles on this topic. 

Click here to access the document. 


Ethics in global surgery

World J Surg. 2014 Jul;38(7):1574-80. doi: 10.1007/s00268-014-2600-5.

Landmark Reviews

Landmark Reviews

Global surgery: defining an emerging global health field

Lancet. 2014 Dec 20;384(9961):2245-7. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60237-3. Epub 2014 May 19.

Global Surgery

Lancet. 2015 Aug 8;386(9993):523-5. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60764-4. Epub 2015 Apr 27.

Global surgery 2030: evidence and solutions for achieving health, welfare, and economic development

Lancet. 2015 Aug 8;386(9993):569-624. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60160-X. Epub 2015 Apr 26.

Global surgery—going beyond the Lancet Commission

Lancet. 2015 Aug 8-14;386(9993):507-509.

Needs Assessments

Needs Assessments

Assessment of Surgical and Trauma Capacity in Potosí, Bolivia

Ann Glob Health. 2017 Mar - Apr;83(2):262-273. doi: 10.1016/j.aogh.2017.04.002. Epub 2017 May 24.

China's evolving fracture burden

Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Jun 27. pii: S2214-109X(17)30254-1. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30254-1. [Epub ahead of print]

Congenital anomalies in low- and middle-income countries: the unborn child of global surgery

World J Surg. 2015 Jan;39(1):36-40. doi: 10.1007/s00268-014-2714-9.

Essential surgery: key messages from Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition

Lancet. 2015 May 30;385(9983):2209-19. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60091-5. Epub 2015 Feb 5.

Pediatric surgical capacity in Africa: Current status and future needs

J Pediatr Surg. 2017 May;52(5):843-848. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.01.033. Epub 2017 Jan 29.

Problems and solutions in delivering global surgery in the 21st century

Br J Surg. 2016 Feb;103(3):165-9. doi: 10.1002/bjs.9961. Epub 2015 Dec 14.

Shortage of doctors, shortage of data: a review of the global surgery, obstetrics, and anesthesia workforce literature

World J Surg. 2014 Feb;38(2):269-80. doi: 10.1007/s00268-013-2324-y.

Surgical volume and postoperative mortality rate at a referral hospital in Western Uganda: Measuring the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery indicators in low-resource settings

Surgery. 2017 Jun;161(6):1710-1719. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2017.01.009. Epub 2017 Mar 1.



Neonatal surgery in a developing country: Outcome of co-ordinated interdisciplinary collaboration

J Paediatr Child Health. 2017 Jun 10. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13610. [Epub ahead of print]

More to come...



Surgical and trauma care in low- and middle-income countries: a review of capacity assessments

J Surg Res. 2017 Apr;210:139-151. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2016.11.005. Epub 2016 Nov 10.

Strategies to improve clinical research in surgery through international collaboration

Lancet. 2013 Sep 28;382(9898):1140-51. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61455-5.

Strengthening the Methodologic Rigor of Cost-Effectiveness Studies in Global Surgery

World J Surg. 2017 Jun;41(6):1414. doi: 10.1007/s00268-017-3932-8.

Techniques & Protocols

Techniques & Protocols

A proposed matrix for planning global surgery interventions

World J Surg. 2014 Dec;38(12):3039-40. doi: 10.1007/s00268-014-2748-z.

Effect of a 19-item surgical safety checklist during urgent operations in a global patient population

Ann Surg. 2010 May;251(5):976-80. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3181d970e3.

Global surgery: current evidence for improving surgical care

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017 May 19. doi: 10.1097/MOO.0000000000000374. [Epub ahead of print]

The How Project: understanding contextual challenges to global surgical care provision in low-resource settings

BMJ Glob Health. 2016 Dec 16;1(4):e000075. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000075. eCollection 2016 Nov.

Need for a standardised procedure classification system in global surgery

BMJ Glob Health. 2016 Sep 2;1(2):e000034. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000034. eCollection 2016 Aug.

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